By not seeing thoughts as the adversary.
Often, in yoga or meditation classes, I have heard the instruction “observe the space between thoughts, try to remain in that space”.
My experience tells me that a better instruction is - take as your object of meditation the space-like mind in which thoughts arise and pass away.
This dissolves the duality of thought and non-thought, and trains the mind to be in meditative detachment even as thinking is occurring.
Yes. Both approaches are prescribed in Hindu methods too.
Mahamudra teaches the coemergence of nirvana and samsara.
I think Ramana’s ‘sahaja samadhi’ is similar. However, Ramana would not allow any doubt as to what supervenes on what.