Terminal Optimist Judaism
He was assigned a grave with the wicked,
and with the rich in his death,
though he had done no violence,
nor was any deceit in his mouth.
Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer,
and though the Lord makes his life an offering for sin,
he will see his offspring and prolong his days,
and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.
After he has suffered,
he will see the light of life and be satisfied;
by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many,
and he will bear their iniquities.
Verse 7 is the deal breaker:
He was oppressed, but he humbled himself and opened not his mouth; he was brought like a lamb to the slaughter, and like a sheep, that is dumb before its shearers, he did not open his mouth.
Twice it says he suffered in silence. Compare that to Matthew 27:
Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli,h lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”i
When some of those standing there heard this, they said, “He is calling Elijah.” One of them quickly ran and brought a sponge. He filled it with sour wine,j put it on a reed, and held it up for Jesus to drink.k
But the others said, “Leave Him alone. Let us see if Elijah comes to save Him.”l
When Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, He yielded up His spirit
Twice it says Jesus cried out in a loud voice. So no, he cannot be the suffering servant in Isaiah 53. That one simply doesn't work.
Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!
Shout, Daughter Jerusalem!
See, your king comes to you,
righteous and victorious,
lowly and riding on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
For this one the deal breaker is verse 8 immediately preceeding this.
And I will encamp around my house against any army, against any who passes by and returns; and no oppressor shall pass through them any more; for now have I seen with my eyes.
This ^^ hasn't happened yet. Israel is still the target military attack. Since verse 8 hasn't happened yet, verse 9 hasn't happened yet either.
And I will pour out on the house of David
and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit
of grace and supplication.
They will look on me, the one they have pierced,
and they will mourn for him as one mourns for
an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one
grieves for a firstborn son.
There's multiple issues here. The clearest deal breaker without looking at the Hebrew is also in the verse preceeding it. Verse 9:
And it shall come to pass on that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem, and I will pour out ...
So, again, this hasn't happened yet. The nations that seek to destroy Israel have not been destroyed. In context, it's the other nations who are doing the piercing. Look back to verse 2. A seige is happening on Jerusalem. I know it's difficult to accept, but, if it were God who was pierced, it would say: "... and they will mourn for ME, and grieve bitterly for ME as one grieves for a firstborn son."
Here is a better translation:
10 And I will pour out upon the house of David and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplications. And they shall look to me because of those who have been thrust through [with swords], and they shall mourn over it as one mourns over an only son and shall be in bitterness, therefore, as one is embittered over a firstborn son.
If you don't believe me, go look at the Hebrew yourself and try to find the words "the one" in it. It doesn't exist.
So you have context showing this hasn't happened yet, you have the end of the verse not saying "grieve for him" not "grieve for me", and the words "the one" missing in the Hebrew.