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Baka religion

Discussion in 'African Mythology' started by ΩRôghênΩ, Apr 5, 2006.

  1. ΩRôghênΩ

    ΩRôghênΩ Disciple of Light

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    ~The Baka religion~


    The Baka are a type of Pygmy. a Pygmy is a person who lives in a group of hunter-gatherer nomads, who constantly travel around the rainforests of Africa. Pygmies are ethnically distinct by their small stature from others in Africa. The Baka themselves, live in Cameroon, a small country in central Africa (see below).



    The religion of the Baka is a form of animism, touched with initiations, rites, and dances. The Baka believe in the Animistic beliefs, believing in the soul and spirit in everything (i.e. breath of life) and a main soul to which all souls will reside some day in a spirit-reality. This main soul is what the Baka consider to be something called “the forest spirit,” which emanates through the world, and mainly in the forest. The Baka have no other deities but the spirit, whom they greatly acknowledge. This forest spirit, known as Jengi or Djengi, is seen by the Baka as a parental figure and guardian.
    The Baka are very tranquil people, who go about their lives with peace and happiness. Their forest spirit helps their society’s stability, giving them hope that they can achieve their goals as long as they acknowledge the spirit’s existence in their lives.



    In the Baka religion, spirit rituals are the most important in dealing with the divine. The rituals in a specific Baka tribe belong to someone called “the father of the spirit.” When the fathers of spirits from different tribes meet to transact and share rituals, new and different variations of rituals can be created.
    Within the rituals are dancing and singing, as well as other physical actions to honor the forest spirit. Specific rituals cannot be recorded, because the many Baka tribes are constantly exchanging and changing rituals, so that every tribe has unlimited and unpredictable rituals.
    There are only a few rituals which are certain. These include The Luma, and The Jengi. The Jengi is a very large and secretive rite of initiation, which celebrates a young man’s passage from adolescence into adulthood. Other initiations include the use of certain oils and other substances. The Luma is a ritual preformed after a successful hunt. This ritual includes drumming and polyphonic singing.
    The Baka religious dances and songs are very unique. The Baka instruments include special types of flutes; Pygmy arched harps, water drums, and cylindrical drums. These pygmies sometimes use a vocal technique called Jodel, which is a procession of sound from chest to head voice.
    The Baka religion is what influences their way of life, without it, they would not be in the harmony they have with nature, and would not have the peace and kindness they have with fellow humanity.
     
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  2. ΩRôghênΩ

    ΩRôghênΩ Disciple of Light

    Joined:
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